IOM in Kenya

In 1985, Kenya was the first country in Africa to join IOM as a Member State. Nairobi hosts the IOM Kenya Country Office (KCO) and the IOM Regional Office (RO) covering ten countries in the East and Horn of Africa region (Tanzania, Burundi, Ruanda, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and Kenya). Migration flows affecting Kenya can be broadly categorized as follows: 

  • Traditional internal and cross-border migration flows linked to nomadism and pastoralism, including those induced by climate change and periodic droughts; 

  • Forced migration flows due to man-made and natural disasters, resulting in internal (IDPs) and cross-border displacement (refugees); 

  • Irregular migration flows due to poverty and lack of livelihood option, including human trafficking and smuggling; 

  • Mixed migration flows along key migration routes used by various groups of migrants including economic migrants, victims of trafficking and smuggling, asylum seekers and others. 

IOM currently implements the following Programmes in Kenya: 

For Kenya: 


  • Immigration and Border Management (IBM) Programme 
  • Programme for Human Security and Stabilization (PHSS) 
  • Counter Trafficking (CT) Programme 
  • Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) Programme 
  • Building Trust between Communities & Security Forces/Community Policing (CP) Programme 
  • Migration Health Assistance (MHA) for Migrants & Communities 
  • Mental Health & Psychosocial Services (MHPSS) 
  • Migration, Environment & Climate Change: Evidence for Policy (MECLEP) 
  • ACP-EU Migration Project 
For the East Africa/Horn of Africa Region and beyond: 


  • Better Migration Management Programme (BMM) 
  • Mixed Migration (MM) Programme 
  • Partnership on Health & Mobility in East & Southern Africa (PHAMESA) 
  • Labour Migration & Human Development (LHD) Programme 
For Africa & Resettlement Countries: 

IOM Kenya serves as a refugee resettlement hub in Africa providing coordination and assistance for resettlement in Sub-Saharan Africa. The IOM office in Nairobi functions as interface between IOM field missions and resettlement partners including Governments in receiving countries and UNHCR. 

For more information on IOM’s activities in the country, visit the IOM Kenya website at

Facts and figures  

Capital Nairobi
Population (2015):  46.1 Million 
Area:  580.368 km sq 
Languages:  Kiswahili, English 
Currency:  Kenya Shilling (KES) 
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):  USD 2,910 
HDI Rank (2014):  145 of 188 
Remittances (2014 estimate):  USD 1,481 million 
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):  -0.2 migrants/1,000 population 
Immigrants (2015):  2.4% 
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):  50.0% 
Population under 15 (2015):  41.9% 
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):  5.30% 

International Organization for Migration - Nairobi
IOM Kenya Country Office 
Sri Aurobindo Avenue, 
Off Mzima Spring Road. Lavington, Nairobi 

Tel: +254 20 422 10 00, +254 20 44 44 174, +254 20 445 60 50 
Fax: +254 20 444 95 77 

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