To improve migrant protection, voluntary return and reintegration along the Central Mediterranean route in Africa, the European Union (EU), through the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), and with contributions from Germany (€48 million) and Italy (€22 million) launched with the UN Migration Agency (IOM) in 2016 the Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration in Africa.
At a time when the numbers of deaths, exploitation and abuse recorded on the Central Mediterranean migration route are at an all-time high, the need to promote safe and informed migration, protect and assist migrants en route or stranded, including through assisted voluntary return and reintegration, is more important than ever.
The joint initiative was launched to strengthen migration governance and to respond to the urgent need to protect and save the lives of migrants along the Central Mediterranean migration route.
The initiative has three regional components:
- The Central and West Africa component is implemented in 13 countries (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia) through 14 specific actions including the regional one. It aims to make sure that the migration process is safer, more informed and better governed for both migrants and their home communities.
- The North Africa component of the initiative is implemented in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Its objective is to contribute to the strengthening of migrant protection and sustainable reintegration systems in North Africa.
- The Horn of Africa component of the initiative is implemented in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. The programme aims to improve migration management in the region, and to address the trafficking and smuggling of migrants within and from the Horn of Africa. The priority of the programme is to strengthen the rights of migrants and protect them better from violence, abuse and exploitation. The overall objective is to make migration in the region easier and safer.
The expected results from the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration include:
|Increased protection and assistance for vulnerable and stranded migrants||
|Assisted voluntary humanitarian return of migrants||
|Support towards the sustainable reintegration of migrants||
|Enabling migrants and potential migrants to make informed decisions about their migratory journey and sensitize communities on migration through awareness raising and information actions;||
|Improved data on migration flows, routes and trends as well as migrants' needs and vulnerabilities||