IMPACT is a study to evaluate how the assistance provided under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative Programme for Migrant Protection and Reintegration promotes the sustainable reintegration of the returning migrants in the Horn of Africa. IMPACT focuses on Ethiopia, Somalia and the Sudan - the three countries that account for the largest reintegration caseloads in the region.
The IMPACT study has three objectives:
- Obtain robust estimates of the impact of reintegration assistance provided under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative programme in Ethiopia, Somalia and the Sudan
- Improve IOM’s understanding of Sustainable Reintegration metrics
- Inform the definition of a standard impact evaluation methodology for future reintegration programmes
IMPACT is the first impact evaluation conducted on a large-scale reintegration programme implemented by IOM. It builds on the MEASURE Project, under which the Reintegration Sustainability Index was developed, to monitor and evaluate reintegration initiatives based on IOM’s Integrated Approach to Reintegration.
IMPACT is deeply rooted in the mixed-method philosophy. Besides more traditional quantitative impact evaluation designs, the study features also a novel Natural Experiment-based evaluation, an evaluability assessment and methodological research. Qualitative analysis is used in to contrast and nuance the findings of quantitative approaches across all of the study’s components.
The study was initiated in 2019 through multiple rounds of technical and programmatic consultations and was concluded in March 2023. The Regional Data Hub (RDH) led the development of the study, supported its procurement and provided technical supervision on both methodological and information management matters.
IMPACT Study Reports
- IMPACT Study Report #1: Consolidated Final Report of the IMPACT Evaluation of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa. This report provides a comprehensive overview of the findings of the IMPACT study across all of its components. [coming soon]
- IMPACT Study Report #2: COVID-19, Returnees and IOM in the Horn of Africa: A Natural Experiment-based Evaluation. This report focuses on a natural experiment-based evaluation conducted as part of the IMPACT study, to better illustrate the effects of the pandemic and other shocks on the wellbeing of returnees. The findings of this evaluation complement the results obtained through the main evaluation design described in IMPACT Study Report #1 and the IMPACT Study Country Reports available in the Technical Resources. The report is accompanied by an Annex with technical resources pertaining the analysis conducted.
- IMPACT Study Report #3: Evaluability Review and Deep Dive Assessment of Community-based Reintegration Projects (CBRPs). This report looks at the evaluability of the Community-Based Reintegration (CBR) initiatives undertook under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative in the Horn of Africa programme, and also provides a general framework for strengthening the evaluation of such type of activities in the future. The results from a qualitative “deep dive” assessment of six CBR projects are also presented.
- IMPACT Study Report #4: Systematic Review of the Reintegration Sustainability Index. This report addresses one of the core objectives of the IMPACT study: improve the understanding of reintegration metrics. It provides the results from a comprehensive review of the structure and composition of the Reintegration Sustainability Index (RSI), looking specifically at the suitability of this instrument for evaluation. Recommendations for the revision of the RSI are also presented. [coming soon]
- IMPACT Study Report #5: Using Natural Experiments in Crises: Lessons for Evaluation. This report elaborates on the usefulness and potential for natural experiment-based evaluation approaches in contexts that are prone to shocks or in which shocks have already occurred, providing also practical lessons for those interested in conducting such type of studies, based on the experience of the natural experiment-based evaluation presented in IMPACT Study Report #2.
- IMPACT Study Framing Brief. The Framing Brief provides a non-technical overview of the IMPACT study objectives, scope and architecture.
- IMPACT Study Country Report: Ethiopia. This report provides a detailed technical analysis of the data gathered in Ethiopia.
- IMPACT Study Country Report: Somalia. This report provides a detailed technical analysis of the data gathered in Somalia.
- IMPACT Study Country Report: Sudan. This report provides a detailed technical analysis of the data gathered in the Sudan.
- Annex to IMPACT Study Report #2. This annex includes a technical analysis and the resources underpinning the findings presented in IMPACT Study Report #2.
- IMPACT Study Methodological Report. This report was produced at the inception of the IMPACT Study to outline its methodology and challenges.
Datasets [coming soon]
The RDH encourages the reanalysis of the data used for the IMPACT study and its usage for different research purposes.
E-Course on Impact Evaluations for Return and Reintegration Programmes
The learning generated during the implementation of the IMPACT study was consolidated into a self-paced e-course titled “Impact Evaluations for Return and Reintegration Programmes”. The e-course covers fundamental impact evaluation concepts and designs and how they apply to ‘real world’ situations that can be encountered in return and reintegration initiatives.
The e-course is available on the IOM e-Campus platform in Arabic, English and French:
- تقييمات الأثر لبرامج العودة وإعادة الإدماج
- Impact Evaluations for Return and Reintegration Programmes
- Évaluation d’Impact des Programmes de Retour et de Réintégration
- Invitation to Submit Expression of Interest (23 August 2019)
- Request for Proposals RFP RO19-03: Services for the Conduction of a Study to Evaluate the Impact of the Reintegration Assistance Provided under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative in the HoA Region (18 October 2019).
Research related to the IMPACT Study
A number of research initiatives were implemented in parallel to the IMPACT study to address methodological issues and to add different perspectives on the the experiences of returnees and the challenges faced during reintegration. Like the IMPACT study, this body of research focused largely on returning migrants assisted under the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection and Reintegration in the Horn of Africa.
- Retrospective Enumeration. The IMPACT study made extensive use of retrospective survey questions to address sampling issues created by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Specific research was conducted to assess the robustness of the retrospective data used in the IMPACT study and to inform the usage of this rich and practical source of data in future analyses. This initiative generated a published article on the International Migration journal and a research brief.
- Inner Journeys: Mental health and psychosocial perspectives on the migration, return and reintegration experiences of Ethiopian, Somali and Sudanese migrants in vulnerable situations. This report provides a comprehensive mixed-method analysis of the effects of the challenging experiences faced by migrants in vulnerable situations on metal health and psychosocial wellbeing, and of the coping mechanisms put in place. [coming soon]